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Since its modest beginnings in 2008, Magento has undergone structural and administrative changes, including the company’s acquisition by Adobe and the introduction of Magento 2, which was released in 2015.

Although Magento 1 was the first version of the platform and is still the most reliable version available to users, Adobe has ultimately stopped supporting it as of 2018. This means that in order to continue getting maintenance and the most recent developments provided by Magento, customers of the platform must swiftly migrate to Magento 2.

Magento 2 is completely different in terms of both structure and function as compared to Magento 1. Due to this huge difference between the two versions, many users are facing difficulties migrating to Magento 2. 

However, when announcing the termination of support and updates for Magento 1 and launching Magento 2, Adobe launched several tools to help users migrate between platforms without much of a hassle. Despite Adobe’s effort to streamline the migration out of approximately 200,000 online live stores, only 87,000 have migrated to M2.

This leaves the remaining 100,000+ stores vulnerable to the ever-increasing web skimming attacks, which hack and infest the code that steals customers’ payment details. On the other hand, there are simpler options for migration than learning to use a migration tool. Brands could instead hire professional Magento Developers to ease the transition process. 

Magento 1 or Magento 2 – Which one to Choose?

There are pros and cons to both Magento 1 and Magento 2. Understanding what your preference is will help finalize which version you should keep or move on to migrating.

There are a few reasons why Magento 1 is still better than Magento 2. These include: 

  1. Magento 1 has been around for longer and is thus more established 
  2. Magento 1 is more stable and predictable
  3. Magento 1 has more features and functionality
  4. Magento 1 is more flexible and customizable

On the other hand, Magento 2 also has features that make it superior to Magento 1. These include: 

  1. Magento 2 has a more modern architecture and is, therefore, easier to extend and customize.
  2. Magento 2 performance is much better than Magento 1, especially when used with Varnish Cache. 
  3. Magento 2 comes with a new responsive admin interface, which is easier to use than the Magento 1 admin interface.
  4. Magento 2 supports PHP 7, which is faster and more secure than PHP 5.
  5. Magento 2 comes with a built-in tool for managing cache and full-page caching.

Details of Magento 2 Migration Process

Understanding Magento’s migration process and navigating around it is difficult. Before you officially begin the process of Magento 2 migration, there are a few tips that you can keep in mind to ease your move. Firstly, make a backup file containing all sensitive data related to your Magento 1 store. 

Remember to keep a check of things you would like to omit once you are settled into M2 and what features you want to integrate fully. Additionally, ensure that your themes, extensions, and customization for the M1 store are compatible with the M2 store. Once all is done, the most important step begins.

Moving to the official migration, know that official documents have noted there are four stages anyone has to go through before one can say they have migrated successfully to Magento 2. These four stages include:

  • Theme Migration

The look of your website communicates a lot to your customers. Color psychology and ease of use are two very important elements of a good website that is functional and aesthetically pleasing. 

When developing Magento 2, the importance of customizable and easy-to-modify themes was kept as the primary focus. Hence, thanks to these advancements, developers can now take full advantage of the theme available on Magento 2 and customize it to make it unique to the brands’ websites. 

If you need help with designing your Magento 2 theme, then a Magento 2 theme development service can come in handy. On the other hand, you can directly download themes from Magento 2 marketplace. 

  • Extension Migration

Extensions are the face of any storefront that helps scale the possibility of features that extend the functionality of any Magento store. When you migrate, your Magento 1 extensions will no longer work on Magento 2 upgraded store. 

Moreover, if you try to integrate these extensions into Magento 2 store, there will be several compatibility issues. Instead, you have to download extensions from Magento 2 marketplace. 

Nevertheless, not all is lost. As you read this article, Magento is working towards making it possible to integrate and migrate your extension from Magento 1 to Magento 2. 

  • Customization

Any code that is not a component of the main Magento codebase is referred to as custom code in Magento. This can apply to code created by a Magento developer working on a specific project or code created by a third party.

In most circumstances, your custom code conversion from Magento 1 to Magento 2 is simple, and Magento provides users with a toolset to aid in the process. Although migration is an option, certain minor customizations are still required to ensure seamless operation.

  • Data Migration

The last but most important step in your migration process is moving your data and information from the previous version to M2. To ease this process of migrating data, Magento has carefully created a data migration toolkit, which uses a Command line interface CLI commands to aid the migration. 

During the migration process, data containing details about your products, orders, categories, store configurations, and other relevant information is transferred automatically. Unfortunately, the one downside of this migration tool is that it lacks features for the automatic migration of themes, customizations, and extensions. 

Conclusion

Although the migration to Magento 2 seems daunting and time-consuming, it is the latest version and the only supported version backed by Adobe. Moreover, not all is done once the migration is finished. The last step of migration involves testing whether all configurations, extensions, themes, and data are in place and fully functional.

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